Friday, February 15, 2013

By the Numbers


70th Infantry Division "Trailblazers"

    The division insignia consists of a white ax, a snowy mountain, and a green fir tree on a red background. The white ax is in recognition of the pioneers who travelled the Oregon Trial to the Willamette Valley, site of Camp Adair where the greater part of the division's training was accomplished' the snowy mountain represents Oregon's Mt. Hood; and the green fir tree finds its origin in the insignia of the 91st Division, from which the cadre of the 70th Division was drawn.
 
Command and Staff
Commanding General
10 December 1944 Brig. Gen. Thomas W. Herren
3 February 1945 Maj. Gen. Allison J. Barnett
Assistant Division Commander
3 February 1945 Brig. Gen. Thomas W. Herren
Division Artillery Commander
3 February 1945 Brig. Gen. P. P. Rodes
Chief of Staff
10 December 1944 Col. Leo H. Bessette
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1
10 December 1944 Capt. Charles R. Smith
3 February 1945 Lt. Col. Elmer J. Willson
1 April 1945 Lt. Col. Duane M. Witt
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2
10 December 1944 Maj. Robert G. Seely
3 February 1945 Lt. Col. Elias C. Townsend
12 February 1945 Maj. Robert G. Seely (Acting)
8 March 1945 Lt. Col. Elias C. Townsend
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3
10 December 1944 Lt. Col. James L. Richardson
12 February 1945 Lt. Col. Elias C. Townsend (Acting)
8 March 1945 Lt. Col. James L. Richardson
16 April 1945 Col. James L. Richardson
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4
10 December 1944 Capt. Joseph J. Schmidt
3 February 1945 Lt. Col. Daniel F. Munster
Adjutant General
10 December 1944 Lt. Col. Bernard V. Merrick
Commanding Officer, 274th Infantry
10 December 1944 Col. Samuel G. Conley
Commanding Officer, 275th Infantry
10 December 1944 Col. Charles S. Pettee
7 January 1945 Col. John H. McAleer
Commanding Officer, 276th Infantry
10 December 1944 Col. Albert C. Morgan

Statistics
Chronology:
Activated 15 June 1943
Arrived in European Theater of Operations 18 January 1945
[Task Force HERRON arrived 10 December 1945; entire division arrived 18 January 1945]
Arrived Continent 18 January 1945 (D+156)
[Southern France D-Day is 15 August 1944]
Entered Combat:
First Elements 26 December 1944
Entire Division 3 February 1945
Days in Combat 83
Campaigns:
Rhineland
Central Europe
Casualties (Tentative):
Killed 605
Wounded 2,674
Missing 666
Captured 21
Battle Casualties 3,96
Non-Battle Casualties 4,235
Total Casualties 8,201
Percent of Table of Organization Strength 58.2
Individual Awards:
Distinguished Service Cross 10
Legion of Merit 7
Silver Star 185
Soldier's Medal 9
Bronze Star 886
Air Medal 18
Prisoners of War Taken:
8,694

Composition
274th Infantry
275th Infantry
276th Infantry
70th Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized)
270th Engineer Combat Battalion
370th Medical Battalion
70th Division Artillery
882d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm howitzer)
883d Field Artillery Battalion (105mm howitzer)
884th Field Artillery Battalion (105mm howitzer)
725th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm howitzer)
Special Troops
770th Ordnance Light Maintenance Company
70th Quartermaster Company
570th Signal Company
Military Police Platoon
Headquarters Company
Band

Attachments
Antiaircraft Artillery:
433d AAA AW Bn (Mbl) 12 Feb 45-20 Jul 45
Armored:
Co C, 753d Tk Bn 28 Dec 44-2 Jan 45
Co B, 191st Tk Bn 29 Dec 44-1 Jan 45
3d Plt, 636th Tk Bn 29 Dec 44-1 Jan 45 [sic]
Co A, 753d Tk Bn 29 Dec 44-2 Jan 45
781st Tk Bn (less Cos A and D) 3 Jan 45-16 Jan 45
714th Tk Bn (12th Armd Div) 12 Feb 45-17 Feb 45
749th Tk Bn (less Co A) 16 Feb 45-15 Mar 45
Combat Command A, 12th Armd Div 2 Mar 45-8 Mar 45
740th Tk Bn 15 Mar 45-16 Mar 45
772d Tk Bn 22 Mar 45-24 Mar 45
Chemical:
Co C, 83d Cml Mort Bn 13 Jan 45-15 Feb 45
99th Cml Mort Bn (less Co A) 16 Feb 45-15 Mar 45
Engineer:
2755th Engr Combat Bn 18 Jan 45-8 Feb 45
Field Artillery:
69th Armd FA Bn 1 Jan 45-5 Jan 45
160th FA Bn (45th Div)(105mm how) 5 Jan 45-7 Jan 45
158th FA Bn (45th Div)(105mm how) 8 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
499th FA Bn 8 Jan 45-12 Jan 45
17th FA Obsn Bn 8 Jan 45-13 Jan 45
501st Armd FA Bn (14th Armd Div) 10 Jan 45-13 Jan 45
93d Armd FA Bn 13 Jan 45-8 Feb 45
69th Armd FA Bn 15 Jan 45-8 Feb 45
494th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 10 Feb 45-13 Feb 45
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 11 Feb 45-12 Feb 45
494th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 17 Feb 45-9 Mar 45
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 17 Feb 45-9 Mar 45
493d Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 13 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
494th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 13 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
495th Armd FA Bn (12th Armd Div) 13 Mar 45-17 Mar 45
Tank Destroyer:
Co C, 822d TD Bn (SP) 8 Feb 45-19 Feb 45
648th TD Bn (T) 20 Feb 45-31 Mar 45

Detachments
Infantry:
274th Inf 1 Jan 45-2 Jan 45 (to 79th Div)
2d Bn, 276th Inf 1 Jan 45-2 Jan 45 (to 79th Div)
275th Inf 1 Jan 45-8 Jan 45 (to 45th Div)
274th Inf 3 Jan 45-17 Jan 45 (to 45th Div)
2d Bn, 276th Inf 5 Jan 45-9 Jan 45 (to 79th Div)
2d Bn, 276th Inf 9 Jan 45-13 Jan 45 (to 45th Div)
274th Inf 17 Jan 45-22 Jan 45 (to 103d Div)
274th Inf 22 Jan 45-29 Jan 45 (to 45th Div)
274th Inf 29 Jan 45-8 Feb 45 (to 100th Div)
 
*All information obtained from The U.S. Army Center of Military History

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